ARTICLE I – NAME
ARTICLE II – MISSION
ARTICLE III – CODE OF ETHICS
ARTICLE IV – MEMBERS
A. Active – Active members derive their income from professional photography and/ or are available for photographic assignments.
B. Associate – An associate member shall be an employee of a currently active member who is directly engaged full time in the making, producing or selling of professional photography, and instructors of photography.
Revised 04/03/14 Two Payment Plan Option- Standing Rules
E. Service – Individuals offering services to professional photographers such as, but not limited to, colorists, retouchers, consultants, etc.
F. Honorary – Individuals elected by a two-thirds vote of the entire Board of Directors for outstanding service to professional photography and Past Presidents over the age of 65 of CIPPA. In addition, any current officers of Professional Photographers of Calif. in good standing, are eligible for honorary CIPPA membership.
B. The board of directors of this association, as they see fit, shall establish from time to time, such schedules of initiation fees and dues applicable to the various types of membership.
C. All days referred to herein are considered to be calendar days.
D. All applications for membership shall be submitted to the board of directors, and acceptance shall be by two thirds (2/3) vote of the board. An applicant’s ethical and professional behavior will be considered when reviewing qualifications for membership. An applicant may be rejected solely based upon either ethical or unprofessional issues. Upon acceptance of an application, the name of the applicant shall be announced at the next meeting and shall be published in the next following edition of the newsletter or by electronic means. If no objections have been submitted to the board of directors within 30 days, the member shall be considered as accepted provided all other requirements have been fulfilled.
E. In the event that the board does not approve said applicant by two thirds (2/3) vote, the applicant will be notified within 14 days by any means deemed appropriate by the board, including by not limited to electronic, telecommunications, in person, or mail. The applicant may appeal the board’s decision in writing, within 21 days of notification of denial. If a specific(s) detail(s) were given for the denial, the applicant is encouraged to provide all documentation needed to support or correct the issue causing the denial.
F. Upon appeal, the board, at the next regularly board meeting, will reconsider the applicant’s appeal, along with any written or documented information that may help support the applicant’s position. A two thirds (2/3) vote of the board is required to overturn the board’s original denial. Upon overturn of denial, the name of the applicant shall be announced at the next meeting and shall be published in the next following edition of the newsletter or by electronic means. If no objections have been submitted to the board of directors within 30 days, the member shall be considered as accepted provided all other requirements have been fulfilled.
G. In the event that the board does not overturn the original denial by two thirds (2/3) vote, the applicant will be notified within 14 days by any means deemed appropriate by the board, including by not limited to electronic, telecommunications, in person, or mail. Within 21 days of notification of denial, the applicant may then request in writing to any officer that their application be presented to the CIPPA membership for consideration and vote at the next feasible monthly CIPPA meeting (not print image competition). At that time, the application will be read aloud by an officer, with voting by secret ballot to immediately commence. Neither the board members nor the applicant will not comment on the application, unless specific questions are asked by the membership prior to voting. A two thirds (2/3) vote of all attending members in good standing is required to accept the membership application. The decision of the voting membership is final.
H. If the application is declined the applicant can re-apply for membership status 12 months from the date of the last denial.
ARTICLE V – OFFICERS
Section 2. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all meetings of the general membership and the Board of Directors; to direct the activities of the Association in the manner prescribed by the Standing Rules, the Board of Directors, and the Bylaws; to countersign all checks with the Treasurer; to act as a member ex officio of all committees except the Auditing and Nominating committees; and to perform other duties as may be requested from time to time by the Board of Directors.
Section 3. It shall be the duty of the Vice President to assume the duties of the President in the absence or inability of the President to serve.
Section 4. The 2nd Vice President’s responsibility will be to organize the print image competition programs, including acting as or arranging for a print image moderator and assembling the panel of three judges.
Section 5. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to keep a record of all proceedings of the Association and the minutes of all meetings in a Minute Book available for inspection by any member at any scheduled meeting; keep a roster of all members including name, address, telephone numbers, classification of membership; and one book in which the Bylaws and Standing Rules are published; make required reports to PPA and PPC.
Section 6. The Treasurer shall have custody of the funds of this Association and shall pay all bills authorized by the budget or approved by the board with checks when countersigned by the President or Vice President; make a monthly statement of worth, a full financial report annually and to make such interim financial reports as the Association, the Board of Directors, or the President may direct; to notify the Credentials Committee of members who fall in arrears in dues payments; to bill members for their dues; to receive such payments, to maintain a ledger of each members accounts, and to perform other functions as the Bylaws or Standing Rules may provide.
Section 7. No member shall hold more than one office at a time, and no member shall be eligible to serve more than three consecutive terms in the same office. One must be a member for a full calendar year prior to being eligible for any office, with the exception of Director(s) and Secretary.
Section 8. Election shall be by ballot except when only one person is nominated for an office, election may be by voice vote.
Section 9. Elections shall be in the following order: President, Vice President, 2nd Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Chairman of the Board and Directors.
Section 10. Should there be no qualified candidate nominated for a Board position at the time of an election, the Board shall have the option to fill the vacancy at any time throughout the term once a candidate, acceptable to the Board, is identified. The Board appointee will serve until the end of the term.
Section 11. Should an officer fail to, or become unable to, fulfill the duties as described in the Standard Operating Procedure Manual, the Board shall appoint a replacement officer to fulfill the term.
Section 12. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the Board to support the President, attend the Board Meetings, but the President will continue to run the meetings. The Chairman of the Board would be a voting position, offered to the outgoing President. For position of the Chairman of the Board, the nominee (out going president) must receive 50.1% of the ballots cast at the annual elections, otherwise the position of Chairman of the Board will remain vacant for that calendar year.
ARTICLE VI – MEETINGS
Section 2. The Annual Meeting and election of the Board of Directors shall be held in November, nominations will be open to the floor at the October meeting.
Section 3. Special meetings may be called by the President, the Board of Directors, or upon written request of 10 members other than the Board of Directors provided that fourteen days notice has been sent to all members stating the purpose of the special meeting.
ARTICLE VII – BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Section 2. These officers shall perform the duties prescribed by these Bylaws, the Standing Rules of the Association, and the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP’s) adopted by this Association.
Section 3. The Board of Directors shall be elected at the Annual Meeting in November and shall assume office on January 1st and shall serve until December 31st or until their successors are elected.
Section 4. In the event of the inability of any member of the Board of Directors to serve, the remaining Board of Directors shall appoint a member to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term of the absent member.
Section 5. Retiring officers of the Association shall deliver to their successors by January 1st, all books, funds, and/or properties belonging to or pertaining to the Association.
ARTICLE VIII – COMMITTEES
Section 2. The term of the office of each committee chairperson shall coincide with that of the President unless otherwise discharged by the President or the Board of Directors.
Section 3. With the approval of the Board of Directors, the President may appoint additional special committee chairpersons deemed necessary for conducting the business of this Association.
Section 4. Special committees may be appointed by the Board of Directors.
Section 5. The Auditing and Nominating committees shall have a minimum of three members.
Section 6. Committee chairpersons may select members to assist on committee deliberations.
Section 7. The duties of all committees shall be prescribed in the Standing Rules of this Association. Additional duties may be ordered by the President or the Board of Directors.
Section 8. The President shall be ex officio member of all committees except the Nominating and Auditing committee, and no person authorized to sign checks or disburse funds of this Association shall be on the Auditing Committee.
ARTICLE X – FISCAL YEAR
ARTICLE XII – ASSOCIATION EMBLEM AND ITS USE
B. All active, firm, service and those honorary life members so designated shall have the privilege of displaying the association emblem (hereinafter termed “the emblem”) in or upon their premises, equipment, stationary, advertising, automobiles, etc., subject to the following regulations; a) The emblem shall only be used in the sizes, style, forms and manner authorized from time to time by the board of directors. B) The emblem shall only be used by authorized members in or upon the premises of the studio or other business location at the address under which said membership is recorded upon the books of the association and upon the stationary and/or advertising matter of such studio or business establishment.
A. Upon receipt of a complaint in writing to the secretary or any member of the board that a member of the association has violated the provision of Article 3 (code of ethics), the secretary shall submit the complaint and all evidence submitted to the Bylaws, Rules and Ethics (BRE) Committee, which shall conduct a thorough investigation as outlined in the procedures established and used by PPA (Professional Photographers of America). A copy of those procedures are included for reference as an attachment to CIPPA’s Standing Rules.
B. If evidence submitted with the complaint is to prove a Prima Facie* violation, the secretary shall communicate in writing with the accused member.
ARTICLE XIV – PARLIAMENTARY AUTHORITY
ARTICLE XV – AMENDMENTS
B. Emergency membership meetings may be virtual, and can be held via teleconference, WebEx, or any other means deemed appropriate by the board of directors.
SECTION A – MEMBERSHIP
2. The procedure for accepting new members shall be as follows:
A. Prospective member submits at a monthly meeting: payment of appropriate dues, along with a completed application and a printed portfolio (10 - 8x10’s of current work) or an electronic portfolio (10 images at 2100 pixels on the longest side) e-mailed to email@example.com
B. Board takes action to accept or deny application.
C. Prospective member is notified of acceptance or denial.
5. Nonmember guests will be charged a $45.00 program fee per monthly meeting attended. First time perspective members receive 2 visits for free, then by the 3rd meeting they are required to pay the $45.00 program fee. Program fee’s paid in the same calendar year may be applied towards their CIPPA membership.
6. Members in good standing may bring two guests complimentary per calendar year.
7. Fees for membership dues shall be as follows:
8. Spouses of all members are included at the monthly evening meetings no additional charge.
9. Website listings of members will be categorized by membership type and will include general contact information. Only Active members will have website links included in their contact information.
10. Sustaining Membership $250 a year dues or Vendor donation of at least $400 donations in the form of services, products, and, or, gift certificates. Sustaining members may attend all meetings (no assigned dates), a table to display their products & logo on front page of the www.cippa.org website with business website link
11. New memberships will be prorated if application is accepted after March 1st.
12. Requests for a Leave of Absence must be presented in writing to the Board for approval, and may be granted for up to 3 months of dues reimbursement. The reimbursement will be in the form of a pro-rated monthly credit to be applied to the next consecutive year’s dues.
13. Members of PPC Affiliates, in good standing, can attend CIPPA monthly meetings for $15.00 per meeting.
14. A payment plan of two payments, payable on January 1st and June 1st, is available to members in good standing. Renewing members must contact the current treasurer to make this arrangement by January 1st of that new year. Failure to make the second payment on June 1st, forfeits the members standings in the image competition for that calendar year.
SECTION B– DUTIES OF COMMITTEES
2. PRINT IMAGE COMPETITION – To conduct the print image competitions, keep the records of image print competition entries and award winners, select the judges for the panel and one month prior to competition, maintain all necessary supplies, and to conduct the image print competition according to the rules pertaining to image print competition.
3. WAYS AND MEANS – To be in charge of all programs designed to raise money for the association.
4. MEMBERSHIP – To coordinate their efforts in gaining new members, assist at meeting registration table.
5. PUBLICATION – Shall be responsible for designing and publishing the monthly news bulletin and any other publications requested by the Board of Directors or the General Membership.
6. AUDITING – To audit the Treasurer’s accounts at the close of the fiscal year and to report at the first meeting of the Executive Board after the start of the new fiscal year.
7. NOMINATING – To make nominations for the offices of this association and to submit not less than one nominee for each office to the general membership at the annual meeting. the consent of the nominee to serve, if elected, shall have been obtained.
8. CREDENTIALS – To report to the secretary the number of members in attendance at a meeting and to certify that these members are qualified to vote.
9. CERTIFICATION – Coordinate their efforts in generating interest in the certification program.
10. VIDEO LIBRARY – Shall be responsible for maintaining video library, keep record of all tapes on loan, send reminder notices.
11. RAFFLE – Shall be responsible for selling raffle tickets at monthly meetings and to secure raffle donation prizes.
12. PHONE – Shall be responsible for calling membership when necessary and confirm RSVP attendance for general meetings.
13. SPECIAL EVENTS – Coordinate and assist with association special events, i.e. summer picnic in August, end of year party in December.
14. PHOTOGRAPHER – Shall be responsible for recording association events and providing photographs for publication.
SECTION C – PRINT IMAGE COMPETITION RULES & REGULATIONS
1. ELIGIBILTY – Any member in good standing. All Active, Associate, Sustaining Service, Honorary and Student members may enter image prints in competition.
2. ENTRIES ALLOWED- The total number of entries allowed at one competition shall be four. More than one photograph of the same subject must be created in such a way as to produce entirely different photographs.
3. ENTRY FEE
4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS and INDENTIFICATION-
5. IMAGE SIZE
Prints to be submitted titled as Category_Title_MakersName.jpeg
6.CERTIFICATION of RESPONSIBILITY: Entrants agree that they have created, composed and made the original and that the processing, printing, and any special effects were made by the person submitting the print image or under their direction. Photographs made under the supervision of an instructor are ineligible for print competition. Any entry that has merited 80 or higher at CIPPA local, regional, or national competitions will not be eligible.
7. CLASSIFICATION OF ENTRIES
Photographic Categories (17)
Album - Album entries in 5x5 and larger sizes. All photographs images must be from the same wedding, social function, individual, family group or non-wedding event. The album must consist of images of a series of pages or layout of no less than ten pages.
Animal- Images of animals created in a studio setting or outdoors. Man-made objects are permitted in the image.
Architecture- Exterior and/or interior Images of a structure.
Children – Images of a child or children in a studio or outdoor setting.
Commercial/Industrial – Tabletop, advertising, stock, aerial, architecture or industrial images. If there is a "tear sheet" of the image, please include it in a 9x12 envelope attached to the rear of the image. and submit it to the Image Competition chairperson or designee prior to the start of judging.
Family – Images of a family group of two or more people in a studio or outdoor setting.
Fashion/Editorial – Any image of a person or persons that would be considered fashion, high-fashion or glamour in nature.
Illustrative – Images representing an alternative type of creativity, photography, and/or not meeting the requirements of any other category.
Landscape – Images of landscapes, seascapes, cityscapes, nightscapes being the dominant subject. People may appear as a very small part of the image.
Nature – Images where the flora and/or fauna are the dominant subjects and no manmade objects visible.
New Artist – First-time entries in competition may be entered in this category for the calendar year only.
Photojournalism – Images captured of a candid moment that reflects the storytelling. No posed images, studio produced images or digitally manipulated subject matter will be allowed in this category.
Portrait Studio – Images captured in a studio environment.
Wedding – Images captured for a wedding.
Electronic Imaging- E.I. competition is judged using different criteria than the other photographic categories. In the other photographic categories, just the final image result is considered when applying a score. With EI, the final result is a factor, but the execution of technique and degree of difficulty are also considered. Guide images are encouraged to help the judges understand the process used and techniques involved in creating the final image. Techniques may be electronic or traditional (actual paint for example) or a combination thereof.
Electronic Imaging Classification of categories is now being offered for those who excel in the creation of electronically enhanced images in order to awarded them for their expertise.
Nature/Landscape: Images where the flora and/or fauna are the dominant subject and no man-made objects are visible and/or Images or landscapes, seascapes, cityscapes, nightscapes being the dominant subject. People can appear in the image.
Portrait: Images captured of an individual or a group in a studio environment or an outdoor setting.
Commercial: Industrial, table-top, advertising, stock and aerial images. If there is a “tear sheet” of the image, please include it in a 9x12 envelope attached to the rear of the image.
Illustrative: Images representing an alternative type of creativity, photography, and/or not meeting the requirements of any other categories.
Images that fit the following descriptions must be entered in the above 4 Electronic Imaging categories and do not qualify for Photographic Categories.
8. JUDGING PROCEDURES
A. Selection of Judges – The Print Image Competition Chairperson shall select at least three, but not more than five judges.
B.Print Image Competition Monitor – the Print Image Competition Chairperson or designee is the person reasonable for running the image competition.
C. Judges’ Comments – It will be up to the print Image Competition Monitor competition monitor to either limit the time allotted per judges’ comments or the number of judges allowed to comment at each print image competition. This is to expedite and keep the image competition moving in a timely manner, while giving sufficient time so the maker receives adequate critique on their images.
D. All prints images that receive a average score of 10 points higher or lower than any judge’s score will automatically be challenged. A judge or judges may discuss or critique prints the images only after all scores have been recorded. Judges may challenge another judge's score decision. After the challenge is discussed, the print may be rescored. All photographs images receiving an initial score of 78 and 79 shall be automatically reviewed at the end of the image competition. On the re-judging, a change of a score shall be by a two-thirds vote. Approved prints images shall receive a new score of 80. The judges’ decision on the re-judged score shall be final.
E. Final Decision – The print jury Image Competition Chairperson (Monitor) shall decide any questions not covered in these rules and their decision will be final.
F. Notification of judging results – The award winners shall be published in the following issue of the association newsletter and/or website. The number of points awarded each print by the jury shall be written on the back of each entry.
A. Images receiving a score of 80 or above shall be awarded an "Award of Merit" corner. The top image print in each class shall be awarded "Best of Class" corner ribbon. In case of tie scores, the judges shall decide by a process of elimination. The images prints from Best of Class, scoring 80 or above will then be judged by a process of elimination, for Best of Show.
B. Eligibility- To be eligible for any of the Category Awards below, the photographer must have entered at least two (2) of the four (4) image print competitions throughout the calendar competition year.
C. Category Awards
Best of E.I. Portrait
D. The above awards require a photographer to enter a minimum of four (4) entries in a specific category spanning at least two (2) separate competitions (with the exception of album category, where only a total of two (2) entries are required in at least two (2) competitions).
E. The award is given based on the highest aggregate score of an individual’s four (4) entries in a single category. Only a photographer’s four (4) highest scores are totaled if more than four (4) entries were submitted. If there is a tie between two or more photographers in any category, the photographer with the highest scoring image print will be the winner of that category.
F. The above Category Award(s) are given only if there are four (4) or more images entries competing in that particular category throughout the year with at least one image scoring 80 or above. If any image scores 79 or below it can be re-entered again in any future competition.
G. Photographer of the Year Award is awarded to the individual with the highest aggregate score of their four (4) best scores in three different categories. An individual must have entered at least six (6) entries spanning at least two (2) separate competitions to be eligible for this award. The first tiebreaker will be the next highest score in any category. The next tiebreaker will be the next highest score in a non-duplicated (twice scored) category
Once begun, the Due Process will continue regardless of membership status.
Procedure for Submitting a Claim
Complaints must be received in writing and will be accepted into the official record of the
The Bylaws, Rules and Ethics Committee (BRE) is responsible for investigating a complaint received against a member.
The Bylaws, Rules & Ethics Committee shall withhold rendering a decision on an ethics complaint if there is pending civil or lower court litigation. The BRE will consider ethics complaints after adjudication.
When the BRE Committee is made aware of an information filing or a criminal indictment against a PPA member, the Committee is to notify the Board of Directors. The President of the Board shall notify the member of his/her automatic suspension until the member can show due cause why the member should not be suspended. Upon the rendering of a legal decision, an ethics case can be instituted.
Procedure for Following Up on a Complaint
The Subject notification should include:
The Subject will be given 14 days to respond in a signed writing to the charges or allegations outlined. If no response is received, the BRE Chairman will assume the Subject has no response and will continue with the process.
If a response is received, the BRE has a minimum of 21days to conduct follow up interviews to determine whether a hearing should be held. At this point, the committee may decide:
NOTIFICATION Notification that a hearing has been scheduled should be sent promptly to the Subject and Complainant via certified mail. The return mail stubs are to become part of the official case file.
VENUE The hearing may be held in person or by telephone conference call. If the
THOSE ATTENDING It is NOT necessary for the Subject or Complainant to attend the hearing in person. Either or both may be invited to attend by telephone conference call. Lack of attendance by any party will not be considered in the committee's deliberations. They may present witnesses at their own expense, if they so choose. The Subject may also choose to be represented by counsel, at his own expense. A majority of the BRE must be in attendance; however, some members may participate by telephone conference call. If obtaining a majority is not possible because of absences, the President may appoint others as substitutes.
EVIDENCE Materials and evidence that could have a bearing in the hearing should be distributed to the committee and Subject at least 14 days prior to the hearing.
PROCEDURE The BRE Chairman conducts the hearing. If the Chairman is unable to attend, the Vice-Chairman will conduct in the Chairman's stead. The Chairman will review the complaint with the committee and submit any related materials. If the Complainant is in attendance, the Chairman will call on the Complainant to add additional appropriate information. Committee members will then be given the opportunity to ask questions of the Complainant.
If the Subject is in attendance, the Chairman reviews the complaint with the Subject. The Subject is then invited to respond to the complaint. Committee members will then be given the opportunity to ask questions of the Subject. The Subject and Complainant are excused. The Chairman invites comments from the committee. After sufficient deliberation, the Chairman may entertain a motion from any member of the committee.
Those penalties include:
During the appeal hearing, the Board of Directors will review the written proceedings of the hearing as well as any written or recorded responses from the Subject. The Subject may choose to appear in person at his own expense, or to appear via telephone conference call. The Board is given the opportunity to discuss the case. After sufficient deliberation, the President may entertain a motion.
The Board may decide:
Form for Filing an Ethics Complaint
1. Your name (Complainant’s) ____________________________________________________________
2. Name & address of the Subject of the Complaint.
3. Your reason for filing the complaint. (if this has already been outlined in a written and signed complaint, please state so)
4. What, if anything, has been done to resolve the complaint?
6. Please attach additional supporting information.
Please return this form to the CIPPA Secretary.
2. For the purposes of this policy, all board members (irrelevant of office or title) are referred to as officer(s). This includes: Chairman of the Board, President, Vice President(s), Secretary, Treasurer and all Directors.
3. The following shall apply to all financial transactions:
a) Under no conditions may any officer be permitted to approve his or her own request for approval.
b) Under no conditions may a transaction be split into several smaller transactions to avoid the need for approval at a higher level.
c) Under no conditions may bills be presented for payment of goods or services that were not actually received.
d) Under no conditions may goods or services be purchased or contracted for that are not intended for CIPPA business use.
4. Where feasible, all financial transactions shall be preapproved by the Board of Directors prior to the commitment of CIPPA funds of any kind. This approval shall be obtained at the normally scheduled Board of Directors meeting (referred to as “in cycle”). Approvals can be an “estimate” or a “not to exceed” in nature where necessary.
5. Recurring expenses, such as room rental fees, Post Office Boxes, etc. may be preapproved for up to one year (12 months) in advance by the Board of Directors. All preapprovals shall be recorded into the meeting minutes where approval was granted and minutes will be made available to any member in good standing upon request.
6. At no time does the preapproval of an expense relieve the requesting party of summiting required reimbursement forms, receipts, paperwork or other documents as required by the CIPPA Treasurer or Board of Directors.
7. When preapproval of financial transaction(s) is not feasible, the following approvals are required (Out of Cycle):
b) Approvals may be obtained either in person (documented in writing), fax or by email. All Out of Cycle approvals shall be presented to the Board of Directors at the next Board meeting.
8. Starting upon CIPPA receipt of two signature checks from CIPPA’s financial institution and continuing until modified by the Board of Directors, the following signature approvals are required:
a) For check amounts of Less than $300.00, Treasurer only
b) For check amounts of $300.00 or more, Treasurer plus authorized Board signatory.